Impact of Work Environment on Nurse's Retention at Hospital: Scoping Review

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Impact of Work Environment on Nurse's Retention at Hospital: Scoping Review


Work environment, nurse's retention, hospital

How to Cite

Alzahrani, M. (2022). Impact of Work Environment on Nurse’s Retention at Hospital: Scoping Review. Evidence-Based Nursing Research, 4(2), 39-53.


Context: Nurses play a vital role in creating a safe and healthy environment for patients. However, a poor working environment affects patient care and nursing retention within a health organization.

Aim: This review aimed to collect a comprehensive update review about the impact of the work environment on nurses' retention at the hospital.

Methods: A systematic review using a specific engine was conducted to examine literature published from January 2011 to August 2021 on the impact of the work environment on nursing retention. Relevant studies were obtained from several electronic databases, and 21studies met the inclusion criteria.

Results: A wide range of selected studies focused on nursing leadership and management. Other themes emerging in prior studies include the role of staffing and financial issue on nursing retention. Furthermore, some studies focused on the role of staff and career development opportunities, collegial relations, experience abuse, workplace facility on nursing retention.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that nursing retention is affected by multifactor in the hospital work environment. Hence, Healthcare organizations and senior decision-makers should develop strategies that promote an attractive work environment that will enhance nursing retention.

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