Impact of Anxiety and Depression on Quality of Life among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Scoping Review

Supplementary Files

Impact of Anxiety and Depression on Quality of Life among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Scoping Review

Keywords

Anxiety, depression, hemodialysis, patients, quality of life.

How to Cite

AlNashri, F., Almutary, H., & Al Nagshabandi, E. (2020). Impact of Anxiety and Depression on Quality of Life among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Scoping Review. Evidence-Based Nursing Research, 2(3), 14. https://doi.org/10.47104/ebnrojs3.v2i3.134

Abstract

Context: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a life-threatening problem of global concern. Living with CKD is associated with many psychological problems, including depression and anxiety, which can directly or indirectly affect the quality of life. Only one review in the existing literature has assessed these associations among CKD patients using different dialysis modalities. However, the experience of these symptoms could be higher among patients on hemodialysis therapy. In this purview, there is a need to narrow the previous work to be more focused on hemodialysis patients.

Aim: This scoping review aims to determine the gaps in the knowledge about the impact of anxiety and depression concerning QOL among people undergoing hemodialysis.

Methods: The studies selected were those examined the relationships between depression or/and anxiety with quality of life in adult patients on hemodialysis. The CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Pub Med databases were searched for literature published between January 2012 and December 2019. The quality of the included studies was also apprised. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria.

Results: Six studies examined the impact of depression and anxiety on the quality of life. Five studies identified from the review have examined the relationships between depression and quality of life. It was established that the prevalence of anxiety and depression was high among hemodialysis patients, and the same was associated with low quality of life.

Conclusion: The literature review highlights the negative associations between anxiety, depression, and quality of life among hemodialysis patients. It is, therefore, essential to screen hemodialysis patients frequently for anxiety and depression using a short-form questionnaire. This screening would allow for providing early interventions, and the potential deterioration of quality of life could be prevented. Further longitudinal studies are needed to assess these relationships. Additionally, further research is needed to determine effective interventional programs to improve the overall quality of life.

https://doi.org/10.47104/ebnrojs3.v2i3.134

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