Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


All paper reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institution Review Board provided (or waived) approval.

For research articles, authors have also required in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient or legally authorized a representative.

Manuscript Originality

Manuscripts that are submitted to the journal must meet these conditions:

  1. Your article must be an original contribution not previously published.
  2. Your article must NOT be under consideration for publication elsewhere

Preparation of Manuscript

English Language Standards

We require that manuscripts meet standards of English language used for professional publication. 

Manuscript components

Every component of your manuscript is important and we encourage you to follow these instructions carefully.  Consider in particular your title, keywords and abstract because these are the elements that enhance the discoverability of your work.

Titles: Catchy titles can be intriguing; we highly recommend that you use a title that is a succinct, precise and descriptive “label” for the content of your work.

Keywords: In considering your keywords, think about the search terms that you used in the background research you completed for your manuscript; these often are the same search terms another reader will use when they are looking for content you have provided in your article. Review the various sections of your manuscript, and make sure that you have included keywords that are relevant for each section. Avoid using acronyms as keywords. 

Abstract: Your abstract should be a succinct summary of your article, and provide an overview of the content of your manuscript. It should not exceed 500 words.

The following components are required for all submissions. Manuscripts that do not meet these requirements will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

  • Abstract:  You can compose the abstract using your word processor and copy and paste into the designated box of the manuscript. Limit the abstract to 500 words. Do not cite references in the abstract. Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms. The abstract should briefly summarize the major issue, problem or topic being addressed, and the findings and/or conclusions of the article.
  • Keywords: Provide up to ten keywords that describe the contents of the article. The key words are used in indexing your manuscript when it is published.
  • Title page:  A separate title page should Include on the title page
    • complete manuscript title;
    • authors’ full names, highest academic degrees, and affiliations
    • name and address for correspondence, including fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address;
    • any acknowledgments, credits or disclaimers; include acknowledgment of all sources of funding; and people, centers who help in the completion of the study.
  • Statement of Significance: The statement of significance will be submitted with your manuscript. The statement should be written in the first person, active voice, directly addressing the reader of your article. The significance statement includes two parts:
    • “What is known, or assumed to be true, about this topic.” and
    • “What this article adds.”
  • Manuscript: The manuscript will be submitted as a separate file when you are instructed to attach files to your submission. Do not include any identifying information in your manuscript. If you are citing your own works, list them as "Author, YYYY" in the citation and the reference list in order to maintain your anonymity for the review process. Compose your manuscript using your word processor
  • Manuscript Format and Style

Your manuscript will be assessed for standardized format and style requirements prior to entering the review process.  If your manuscript does not adequately meet these requirements, it will be returned to the corresponding author with a request to revise the manuscript style and format.  The requirements are:

  • Prepare the article: The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points,... using the most current version of Microsoft Word for PC. Note in particular that the reference list should also be single-spaced.  Leave a one-inch margin on all sides.
  • Type all headings on a separate line.
  • Number all article pages consecutively in the middle page bottom (text, references, and legends for tables and figures only).
  • All legends for Tables and Figures are to be included with the manuscript. They should be brief and specific, and they should appear in an appropriate place within the text.
  • Manuscript length (including all references, tables, figures) should be within a range of 15 to 20 pages (standard page size).
  • Use APA style of referencing,
  • The list of references is not to exceed 50 entries.
  • No identifying information (authors' names) should be included in the manuscript in order to maintain your anonymity for the review process.


Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Include the references (single-spaced) at the end of the manuscript. The citations and reference list is to be styled according to the APA style of reference.

Tables and Figures

Tables are submitted within the file when you are instructed to attach files to your submission. Follow these guidelines to create your tables:

  • Tables should not less than 7 tables that cover the research aim(s).
  • Create tables using the table creating and editing feature of Microsoft Word. Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs.
  • Tables are properly numbered. Cite tables consecutively in the text, and number them in that order. Each table should include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used).
  • Embed tables within the body of the manuscript. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text.
  • Tables’ comments should be written after the result title, then display the tables after that.

Style of Writing and Presentation

Research papers should include all pertinent information related to the study, including a brief summary of background literature and justification of the study, a summary of the theoretical framework on which the study is based, the purpose of the study, the research problems or hypotheses, methodology and design, analysis of data, discussion of the research findings and a summary of conclusions and recommendations for further research and for nursing practice. Articles that deal with research methodologies and designs, concept analysis, theory analysis, value or ethical problems, application of theory and/or research findings in practice should be organized in a logical manner consistent with the author's purpose.


The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

  1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
  2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
  3. Approved the version to be published.

The author should meet the conditions of all the above points. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the appropriate portion of the content.

When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

 Acquisition of funding, a collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although aa contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in acknowledgment section.

Principle authorship, authorship orders, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

The corresponding author is the one who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all the journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation, and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements are properly completed.

Corresponding author is the person who signs the publication agreement on behalf of all of the authors and whose contact details are included in the article. They should be available after submission to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any request from the journal for data or additional information arise after submission.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.